An Introduction to Fine-Tuning: Why It Matters
Fine Tuning might be the most complex but logically reliable argument for Theism. This argument of Fine Tuning is also called the Teleological argument. There aren't many books on it currently because it takes a great deal of understanding within the realm of Physics and Mathematics to paint a full picture that is still understandable to the common reader. This is something that AppliedTruth is going to attempt to tackle in the future with releasing books.
Research as of late has confirmed the fine-tuning of the cosmological constant (also known as "dark energy"). Dark Energy is a force that increases with the increasing size of the universe. First hypothesized by Albert Einstein, the cosmological constant was rejected by him, because of lack of real world (or actual) data. However, recent supernova 1A data demonstrated the existence of this cosmological constant that is primarily made up for the lack of light and dark matter in the universe. Recent cosmic microwave background (CMB) measurement not only demonstrate the existence of the cosmological constant but the value of the constant. It turns out that the value of the CC exactly makes up for the lack of matter in the universe. Or, it's exactly what it says it is: constant.
The waves in the universe from the origin of the universe event are detectable at one part in 100,000. If this factor were slightly smaller, the universe would exist only as a collection of gas - no planets, no life, nothing. If this factor were slightly larger, the universe would consist only of large black holes vaporizing everything. Obviously, no life would be possible in such a universe and that makes the case for Design.
Another finely tuned constant is the strong nuclear force (the force that holds atoms together so they don't Ant-Man themselves). The Sun "burns" by fusing hydrogen (and higher elements) together. When the two hydrogen atoms fuse, 0.7% of the mass of the hydrogen is converted into energy. If the amount of matter converted were slightly smaller—0.6% instead of 0.7%— a proton could not bond to a neutron, and the universe would consist only of hydrogen. With no heavy elements, there would be no rocky planets and no life. If the amount of matter converted were slightly larger—0.8%, fusion would happen so readily and rapidly that no hydrogen would have survived from the Big Bang. Again, there would be no solar systems and no life. The number must lie exactly between 0.6% and 0.8%.
Hugh Ross explains this nicely:
One part in 1037 is such an incredibly sensitive balance that it is hard to visualize. The following analogy might help: Cover the entire North American continent in dimes all the way up to the moon, a height of about 239,000 miles (In comparison, the money to pay for the U.S. federal government debt would cover one square mile less than two feet deep with dimes.). Next, pile dimes from here to the moon on a billion other continents the same size as North America. Paint one dime red and mix it into the billions of piles of dimes. Blindfold a friend and ask him to pick out one dime. The odds that he will pick the red dime are one in 1037. (p. 115)
In the coming weeks we will dive deeper into why this study of fine-tuning is so impressively important to the case for Theism. Stay Tuned for more!