Entropy: The Second Law of Thermodynamics
The Second Law states that all things in the Universe tend to be in disorder - or as it is called by scientists, entropy. Scientists say that entropy rises and can never decrease. By this, they mean that things will always get more disorderly or chaotic. This is a scientific fact that can be seen in our everyday lives. Examples of this phenomenon include: a desk will acquire more dust overtime but never randomly become dusted; buildings will crumble and decay, but will not repair themselves; people, DNA stops repairing itself over time and does not randomly repair itself after a certain period of time.
Entropy (S) is expressed as Energy divided by Temperature. Example: Most of the energy present on Earth comes from the Sun as photons (discrete packets of light energy). For every photon that Earth receives from the Sun, it radiates about 20 away back into space. If you count up all the discrete energies of the 20 outgoing photons, they match the energy of the single incoming photon. So, what goes in, comes back out...however, what comes out is far less useful than what came in. The weak photons that leave Earth will, when they are eventually absorbed by an atom or molecule, not be able to provide much energy to the system, which will not be able to do much work. And so it goes on. The amount of energy never changes, but it becomes so dilute that it stops being of any use as it can no longer power any reactions. Maximum entropy achieved.
When we consider the Second Law of Thermodynamics, we can see that science is in agreement with the Truth of the Bible - as it must be if science is to be of any value at all. Not only can we see the Second Law in action throughout the Bible in various moral decay, physical decay but also the very origin of entropy is given to us in Genesis. In Eden, all was perfectly ordered. There was no entropy. When Man ate of the Tree of Life and was cast out, he was cursed with entropy. Since then, entropy has continued to rise and will do so until the end of time.
If it weren't for the Word of God, Man would not know of the Second Law. Sir William Thomson, the noted 19th-century Christian scientist and the discoverer of the Second Law, found the inspiration for his discovery in the following line from the Bible: "all of them shall wax old like a garment" (Psalm 102.26). Here is a perfect example of how Christianity (God) and Science work in harmony.
The Second Law is exactly that - a Law. Its application is universal, without exception. Unlike mere theories such as Evolutionism, the Second Law has been proven to be true and no reputable scientist would ever suggest that it wasn't. Amongst reputable scientists, suggesting something violates the Second Law would result in being considered uneducated at the least. Even the US Patent Office has a standing order to ignore patent applications - such as those for perpetual motion machines - that violate the Second Law (the only such a priori restriction that the Patent Office makes) since it is known that such devices would just not work. You cannot escape entropy. Period.
Evolutionism, on the contrary, must try and avoid this and that is why it is failing as a Theory. Evolutionism claims that life gets more complicated over time - that its entropy decreases. Specifically, it claims that the minuscule amount of genetic information that would have been in the first Godless proto-lifeform would have increased through the addition and ordering of random mutations.
Let's consider this proposal: The genome (3 Billion Sequences making up DNA) contains information in the form deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules. It is the order of this DNA that creates its informational content - a specific ordering of DNA molecules makes up a gene that produces a protein that in turn makes up part of our physical form. For information to be added or changed, it would be necessary for an addition of ordered DNA or reordering of existing DNA to occur. In other words, a decrease in entropy in direct violation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics.
Random mutations cannot add the ordered information that would be needed to turn a bacteria into a man. This is just a simple fact that can clearly be seen by looking at the Second Law. However, it gets worse for Evolutionism, since - as was shown in the 1940's by Claude Shannon of Bell Labs - the addition of randomness to the genome increases the genome's entropy. This means that the exact opposite of what Evolutionism proposes is actually happening - we are getting more disorderly. Further, the recent studies by Cambridge in the 90s to early 2000s showed us that too much of these mutations result in what's called Embryonic Lethality. The organism dies prior to any speciation.
The science of Creation, on the other hand, is in complete accordance with the Second Law. Creation science teaches us that Man and God's other creations were all created with informationally dense, uncorrupted DNA. Adam had more genes and more robust genes than you or I have. This is evident in the extreme age that antediluvian men were able to reach which was due to their genes being free of the deleterious mutations that lower life expectancy today.
Technically, the second law of thermodynamics applies to the universe as a whole. When non-creation thinkers, or evolutionist, or whoever else try to state that the second law only applied to a closed system. Evolutionists have offered various theories of how the naturalistic origin and development of life does not violate the second law of thermodynamics. An isolated system exchanges neither matter nor energy with its surroundings. A closed system exchanges energy but not matter with its surroundings. An open system exchanges both matter and energy with its surroundings.
It should be noted, first and foremost, both sides have committed some errors. The problem for creationists is that they have yet to generate a rigorously formulated entropy-based hypothesis that clearly shows that life cannot arise through natural undirected processes. However, evolutionists generally have failed to produce a reasonable argument which agrees with the observation that the second law of thermodynamics does not prohibit evolution.
The biggest example or attempt against creationist was brought on by The physical chemist Ilya Prigogine (1917–2003) who attempted to use crystals as an example of closed system, orderly formation.
First, the salt + water system is an open system. It can and does exchange energy and matter with its surroundings in order to precipitate salt crystals. That is, salt crystals do not spontaneously form from a salt water solution. Second, crystals are simply ordered sequences which contain very little actual information. Salt crystals lack specified complexity, i.e., their structure is caused by the properties of their constituent parts and not imposed by some outside intelligent process as is the case for living organisms.
Prigogine and others have argued that materials that formed into the first living things somehow organized themselves this way, though it is not clear at all how given that these materials do not form ionic bonds as crystals do. Furthermore, any simple structures that might occasionally form small ordered regions fall many orders of magnitude short of the complexity required for any form of life. Evolutionists argue that selective effects, such as those that supposedly drive evolution, could preserve and accumulate this order until finally, life came about. However, even crystals that form out of solution, such as salt, cease to produce any more order once they form. If anything, once crystals form, they accumulate defects in their crystal structure, which is less ordered and hence follows the second law of thermodynamics. That is, even open systems generally follow the second law of thermodynamics.
This brief introduction of the second law should only pertain in a scope or limited argument. It should not be a bedrock until both sides have fully fleshed out the entirety of the arguments, research and formulas.